Why hydrogen is essential for cold fusion
Cold fusion, for those that are unfamiliar, was a process of nuclear fusion that was first conceived of by scientists Stanley Pons, and Martin Fleischmann during an experiment that involved heavy water electrolysis through hydrogen on a palladium electrode surface. The scientists made claims originally that there was heat and energy being created from the reaction that occurred at room temperature. This is why it is referred to as
cold fusion, because it occurred in an environment that was previously considered too cool for nuclear fusion to occur in.
The media began reporting on their findings instantly claiming that this new process may have opened up a new era in energy, and that abundant sources of energy could be created through cold fusion methods for years to come. It was eventually found out that the results of Fleischmann and Pons were skewed, and that they had tricked themselves into seeing data that did not really exist.
Eventually they, and their cold fusion
experiments, fell into obscurity.
There have been many experiments in cold fusion since the original ones that started the craze, many of them using different terms because of the negative association that the rest of the scientific world had come to have towards cold fusion. One of these names is LENR, (or Low Energy Nuclear Reaction). Researchers experimenting using new methods have uncovered evidence that nickel hydrogen fusion can result in
a low level of energy being emitted as a byproduct of the reaction. Currently they are working on managing those energy levels and trying to increase them to amounts that would warrant further notice.
Andrea Rossi and his consultant, professor Sergio Focardi are two proponents of LENR and have invented the energy catalyzer which is a device that is made to create the reaction between nickel and hydrogen in order to create energy. In this process a low level of energy is emitted and copper is produced. The process of LENR that they study and that the E-cat employs is related closely to cold fusion, but Rossi attempts to draw distance away from that fact in order to avoid negative stereotyping.
Rossi’s experiments with LENR have proven why hydrogen is necessary for cold fusion to occur. When hydrogen is highly concentrated, it gives off energy or heat from having so much pressure put on it. By combining hydrogen isotopes with a reactive metal in which they can be concentrated, in this case nickel, there is energy created which can be
harnessed and applied to other uses. This is the theory behind cold fusion and behind LENR, and this is the system that Rossi has been trying to promote since he started his work on it.
Recently, the company that was given the rights to produce and use Rossi’s E-cat, Defkalion green technologies, has had their contract with Rossi’s company terminated. The
statement went on further to describe that no information or production secrets had ever been disclosed to Defkalion that was not already well known, and that he had no plans to continue working with the Greek company, or for that matter, any other companies based out of Greece in the near future. It is not known whether his plans to sever his contract will have any effect on his U.S. based partner company Ampenergo, but the company continues to assist in production and marketing of the E-cat today.
Just as of a few months ago, another company that is attempting to design products similar to the E-cat has been started in an attempt to replicate or improve Rossi’s method. This company has been started up by a man named Francesco Piantelli. While little is known still about the man and his plans for his up and coming Competitor Company, it is something that will surely come to affect production and interest in the E-cat in the future. It is not known what types of methods the new company will employ to improve upon Rossi’s method, or whether their new formula will be an improvement on the original at all. Regardless of what technologies are improving though, it does show promise for the rest of the scientific world that still believes in the power of cold fusion. The Rossi and Piantelli devices may prove one day that LENR
and cold fusion are very important scientific findings.